Paternity Testing - Release and Acceptance of Results

When will my test results be ready, and how will I receive them?

Once all samples have been collected, test results are usually available within 3 to 5 business days. Prior to sample collection, we will ask you how you would like us to provide the results to you or to other recipients you wish to designate (such as your attorney). Test results are typically sent by U.S. mail, but may also be provided by email, fax, telephone, or express courier, or may be picked up in person at our Santa Ana, California headquarters.

Can the test results be used for legal purposes?

LB Genetics offers legally-admissible DNA paternity tests and other family relationship tests, which are performed using strict sample identification and chain-of-custody procedures in accordance with the AABB Standards for Relationship Testing Laboratories.  These test results are defensible as evidence in a court of law and are accepted as proof of biological relationship by government or private agencies requiring such verification before granting certain benefits.  These agencies include the Social Security Administration (SSA), Internal Revenue Service (IRS), U.S. Department of State and U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), U.S. Armed Forces, and Native American tribal membership committees.  For our legally-admissible DNA tests, participants are identified photographically, written consent is obtained, and samples are collected and processed by neutral parties with no interest in the outcome.

Results of our personal/peace-of-mind DNA tests cannot be used for legal purposes.  This is because, for these tests, the identity of the test participants is not verified, and samples are not collected and/or submitted with a documented chain-of-custody by neutral third parties.  For these reasons, we do not state last names of test participants on our personal DNA test result reports.  Peace-of-mind tests are to be used for personal knowledge only.

What information is included with the test results?

For legally-admissible tests, our test results include the following documents:

  1. DNA Paternity/Relationship Test Report.  This document summarizes the laboratory findings, including the genetic profiles of each test participant, the Combined Paternity/Relationship Index and the Probability of Paternity/Relationship.
  2. Declaration of the Custodian of Records.  In accordance with California Family Code 7552.5, this document certifies the identification of the test participants, the collection and chain-of-custody of the samples, the qualifications of the lab Director, and the preparation and authenticity of the test results. This declaration facilitates the acceptance of the results into evidence in a court of law.
  3. Sample Identification and Chain-of-Custody Records.  These documents include the photographs and thumbprints of each test participant obtained at the time of sample collection, and the verification of sample identification, collection, packaging and receipt by the personnel who performed these steps.
  4. Explanation of Results.  A detailed explanation regarding DNA testing and interpretation of the results is included for our paternity and maternity tests.

 

For immigration tests, our test results include the following documents:

  1. DNA Paternity/Relationship Test Report.  This document summarizes the laboratory findings, including the genetic profiles of each test participant, the Combined Paternity/Relationship Index and the Probability of Paternity/Relationship.
  2. Sample Identification and Chain-of-Custody Records.  These documents include the photographs and thumbprints of each test participant obtained at the time of sample collection, and the verification of sample identification, collection, packaging and receipt by the personnel who performed these steps.  Copies of the identification presented by the test participants (photo IDs, birth certificates, etc.) are also included.
  3. Explanation of Results.  A detailed explanation regarding DNA testing and interpretation of the results is included for our paternity and maternity tests.
  4. Request for Evidence.  When applicable, a copy of the Request for Evidence issued by USCIS, passport agency or other requesting immigration office will be included with the test results that are sent to that office.

 

For personal/peace-of-mind tests, our test results include the following documents:

  1. DNA Paternity/Relationship Test Report.  This document summarizes the laboratory findings, including the genetic profiles of each test participant and a conclusion statement as to the likelihood of the alleged relationship, including, when applicable, the Combined Paternity/Relationship Index and the Probability of Paternity/Relationship.
  2. Explanation of Results.  A detailed explanation regarding DNA testing and interpretation of the results is included for our paternity and maternity tests.

 

What is AABB accreditation?

AABB accreditation is the most widely recognized certification for DNA paternity testing laboratories and is considered the gold standard in the industry.  AABB (formerly called the American Association of Blood Banks) establishes rigorous standards of quality with respect to sample collection, laboratory analysis, experience, competence, confidentiality and safety, and ensures that accredited facilities comply with these standards through regular on-site inspections.  AABB is approved by the U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services as an organization whose accreditation qualifies a laboratory (in most states) to perform chain-of-custody paternity testing for family court cases (involving child support, custody, etc.).
View or print PDF File of accredditation certificateAABB is also approved by the U.S. Department of State and USCIS, which require that DNA relationship tests to be used for U.S. immigration purposes be performed only by AABB-accredited facilities.  If your results will be presented as evidence to any government authority or official tribunal, then you should ensure that an AABB-accredited facility performs the testing.  In so doing, you can be confident that the results are not only trustworthy, but also unlikely to face judicial challenge or rejection.  LB Genetics is proud to be one of the few (less than 40) DNA testing facilities currently accredited by AABB.

 

What does “Chain of Custody” mean?

In paternity testing, chain of custody is the documentation of the collection, packaging, transport, receipt and analysis of test samples, including the identity of the person(s) who performed each step and the date and location each step each was completed.  Maintaining a chain of custody ensures the traceability of each step in the testing process—from collection of samples to reporting of results—and is essential for the legal defensibility of the results in a court of law.  LB Genetics’ legally-admissible paternity tests adhere to a strict chain of custody, in complete accordance with the AABB Standards for Relationship Testing Laboratories.

 

 By: Dr John Taddie

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